The next and final destination in our list was the Bagh Caves which are nothing but a group comprising of 9 different monuments cut
out of rocks. We felt a bit sad as the journey was coming to an end but were extremely happy that we would be taking some glorious memories with us. They are actually located along the southern
part of the famous Vindhyas Range in Dhar
district. It is located at a distance of around 97 km from the main Dhar town and we had to travel for a long period of time before finally arriving at the caves.
The very thought of having the opportunity to visit caves cut out of large natural rocks was simply fantastic. On reaching the place, we found that the monuments are not exactly caves but true examples of rock cut architecture. We knew that the caves attract a lot of tourists throughout the year mainly due to the mural paintings created by highly skilled Indian painters of ancient times. We had visited the Ajanta caves and could easily draw out some resemblances between the two. The caves were excavated on perpendicular faces of sandstone rock formed on the bank of a stream known as Baghani which exists seasonally.
The design of the caves has clearly been inspired by Buddhist monasteries. Thanks to different kinds of natural and manmade factors that four of the nine caves have already been destroyed. The
five remaining caves have been protected and conserved by the Archaeological Survey of India. The caves are more or less monasteries or viharas with a quadrangular shape.
The most attractive cave was undoubtedly Cave no.4 which is generally referred as Palace of Colours or Rang Mahal. Lieutenant Dangerfield holds the credit for providing the first information about the existence of the caves in 1818. The walls were covered with strong plaster of mud on which the paintings were inscribed beautifully in brownish colour. We could also spot some similar paintings on the ceiling as well. One of my colleagues told me that he had seen similar paintings in Armamalai Caves, Karia Caves and of course the famous Ajanta and Ellora.